An adverb may be a single word, such as quickly, here or yesterday. However, adverbs can also be phrases, some made with prepositions, others made with infinitives. This page will explain the basic types of adverb phrases (sometimes called "adverbial phrases") and how to recognize them.
Basic types of adverbsIn the section on adverbs, you learned about three basic types of adverb: manner, place and time adverbs. There are at least two more that are important. Frequency adverbs answer the question "How often?" about an action. Purpose adverbs answer the question "Why?". Here are some examples:
While the first example, usually, is a single word, the second example (for fun) is a phrase consisting of a preposition and a noun -- in other words, it is a prepositional phrase which functions as an adverb phrase.
Adverb phrases made with prepositionsAll kinds of adverb phrases can be made with prepositions. Here are some examples:
Adverb phrases made with infinitivesAnother kind of adjective phrase can be made with the infinitive form of a verb. Most of these phrases express purpose, as in these examples: